2017-10-04 14:28:44 UTC
January 11 – Valladolid is briefly the capital of Habsburg Spain under Phillip III between 1601 and 1606, before returning indefinitely to Madrid.
January 17 – Treaty of Lyon: France gains Bresse, Bugey and Gex from Savoy, ceding Saluzzo in exchange.
February 8 – Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, longtime favorite of Queen Elizabeth I of England, rebels against the queen; his revolt is quickly crushed.
February 25 – Robert Devereux is beheaded.
Spring – Possible first performance of William Shakespeare's tragedy Hamlet.
December 24 (Julian calendar; January 3, 1602, according to the Gregorian calendar used by the Irish and Spanish forces in the battle) – The Battle of Kinsale ends the siege of Kinsale, Ireland (begun in autumn 1601).
Dutch troops attack the Portuguese in Malacca.
Jesuit Matteo Ricci becomes the first European to enter the Forbidden City in Beijing, China, during the Ming Dynasty.
A bad harvest occurs in the Tsardom of Russia, due to a rainy summer, causing the Russian famine of 1601–03.
The Russian famine of 1601–03 kills about two million people.
Martin Möller is accused of Crypto-Calvinism.
The Battle of Seaton is fought.